Redistricting

What is Redistricting?

Every 10 years, the United States conducts a national Census. Following the Census, all states are required to redraw their electoral district boundaries to make sure the “one person/one vote” requirement is met. That process is called redistricting.

Gerrymandering is the manipulation of the redistricting process to guarantee certain outcomes from elections by the partisan legislators in charge of the process. In the past, both Republican and Democratic politicians have used this authority to draw maps that ensure their own re-election by choosing which voters they want in their districts.

What is Amendment 1?

In 2019 and 2020, the Virginia General Assembly passed a constitutional amendment proposal that will create Virginia’s first redistricting commission, it was approved by the voters on Election Day in November of 2020. 

Now, districts will be drawn by a commission composed of eight citizens and eight legislators, with one of the citizens serving as chair. The citizen selection process will be politically balanced and the final determination of who serves will be made by a panel of five retired circuit court judges. 

Timeline 2020-2021

The Virginia Redistricting Commission is a 16-member Commission tasked with establishing districts for the United States House of Representatives and for the Virginia General Assembly. The Commission consists of eight legislative members and eight citizen members.

Dec. 1
Citizen Member applications are made public
Dec. 28
Citizen Member applications must be submitted (with 3 references)
Jan. 1
General Assembly Leadership each submit a list of Citizen Member Nominees*
Jan. 15
Judge Selection Committee selects Citizen Members
Feb. 1
First Commission Meeting must be held and a Citizen Chair must be elected
TBD
The Commission is required to submit to the General Assembly plans of districts for the Senate and the House of Delegates of the General Assembly no later than 45 days following the receipt of Census data and plans of districts for the United States House of Representatives no later than 60 days following the receipt of Census data, or July 1 of that year, whichever occurs later.

If the General Assembly votes no on the Commission’s submission (the General Assembly is unable to amend plans) for districts, the Committee gets three days to redraw the plans and the General Assembly will vote again. If the General Assembly still fails to adopt the Commission’s plan, then the Virginia Supreme Court, with the help of two special masters, will draw the boundaries for the districts.

* The General Assembly Leadership consists of:

  • Speaker of the House of Delegates
  • Leader in the House of Delegates of the minority party
  • President Pro Tempore of the Senate of Virginia
  • Leader in the Senate of the minority party

Applying to be a Citizen Commission Member

Are you interested in becoming a member of the new redistricting commission?

Virginia Counts Coalition Logo

Virginia Counts Coalition

Acknowledging the importance of the 2020 Census, the Virginia Civic Engagement Table (VCET) created the Virginia Counts Coalition. This coalition was created to include VCET partner organizations, national partners, members of the Virginia Complete Count Commission, non-VCET partner organizations and representatives of local complete count committees. The goal of the coalition is to ensure that Virginians are represented fairly in the re-distrticting process and communities who have historically been underrepresented have a seat at the table.